History of the Seychelles, a comprehensive summary

HISTORY OF THE SEYCHELLES

Die historische Zusammenfassung, von der Entdeckung, zu den ersten Siedlungen bis heute, den 27. October 2020




  • c. 850 AD

     

    In an Arabic document the "high islands" are mentioned, which are supposed to be on the other side of the Maldives

  • 961

    The first cards showing the so-called "sisters" - the Seychelles - appear

     

    961

  • 1502

     

    Vasco da Gama sighted the outer islands of the Seychelles on the way to India.

  • 1609

    The British East India Company lands on Mahé

     

    1609

  • 1742

     

    French occupation, French captain Lazare Picault discovers the Seychelles for the French and French planters and their African slaves settle in the Seychelles

  • 1744

    Lazare Picault names the main island of the Seychelles as Mahé

     

    1744

  • 1756

     

    France expresses claims on the island of Mahé

  • 1770

    The French are settling in St. Anne

     

    1770

  • 1778

     

    In today's Victoria on Mahé a small French garrison is established, which is taken over by the inhabitants of the Seychelles around 1790

  • 1814

    After the Napoleonic wars, the sovereignty over the Seychelles passes to the British, who administer the archipelago from Mauritius

     

    1814

  • 1818

     

    The Seychelles as a British colony, the Seychelles officially become a British colony. They have almost 8000 inhabitants, who are relatively wealthy due to the trade in cotton. Later, due to the falling cotton prices, coconut plantations are established

  • 1835

    The history of slavery is officially abolished in the Seychelles

     

    1835

  • 1841

     

    The settlement L'Etablissement - so called by the French - is renamed Victoria

  • 1862

    A mudslide claims 70 lives in Victoria

     

    1862

  • 1900

     

    The Seychelles have about 19,000 inhabitants. The main cultivated product is vanilla, furthermore trade is done with copra and cloves

  • 1903

    The Seychelles will become an independent crown colony under Governor Sweet-Escott

     

    1903

  • 1914-1918

     

    During the First World War, the population of the Seychelles is undernourished due to the poor supply and economic situation

  • 1926

    The islands are supplied with electricity and telephone connections

     

    1926

  • 1930

     

    The political awareness of the population is growing. So they join together in groups such as the League of Coloured People and the Taxpayers' Organisation

  • 1939-1945

    In the history of the Second World War, the islands were used to refuel warships

     

    1939-1945

  • 1948

     

    A representation of the people is introduced

  • 1964

    The Seychelles People's United Party (SPUP) of France Albert René and the Seychelles Democratic Party (SDP) of Sir James Mancham are founded. The Seychelles independence movement begins. The SPUP with a socialist orientation raises its first call for early independence. The SDP on the other hand advocates closer ties with Great Britain

     

    1964

  • 1967

     

    Universal suffrage is introduced

  • 1970

    The constitution is reformed. This sets the course towards independence

     

    1970

  • 1971

     

    The international airport of Mahé is completed. This will lay the foundation for the prosperity of those working in the tourism industry

  • 1975

    Seychelles retains internal autonomy

     

    1975

  • June 29, 1976

     

    The Seychelles are granted independence by Great Britain. A grand coalition is formed under British pressure. In a presidential system Mancham (SDP) becomes president and René (SPUP) becomes prime minister.

  • 1977

    The Seychelles as a one-party state, On June 5, a coup initiated by René leads to the fall of the strictly pro-Western Mancham. Under the new president René, the republic becomes a socialist one-party state based on the Tanzanian model

     

    1977

  • 1978

     

    The SPUP is renamed the Seychelles People's Progressive Front (SPPF) and transformed into a socialist unity party

  • 1979

    The system of the one-party state is laid down in a new constitution

     

    1979

  • 1981

     

    A coup attempt by cloaked mercenaries fails

  • 1982

    Tanzanian troops quell an uprising within the military

     

    1982

  • 1984

     

    The second term of office of Albert René begins. In the same year, the Seychelles, Mauritius and Madagascar join together to form the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC). In the IOC regulations are made to promote trade, tourism and fishing

  • 1989

    Albert René's party emerged victorious from the June elections. Albert René takes up his third term of office. Gradual liberalisation begins

     

    1989

  • 1991

     

    The return to the multi-party system, with district elections in December, shows the loss of confidence in the SPPF. The party congress decides to restore the multi-party system.

  • 1993

    In June, the third Seychelles Constitution comes into force. The National Assembly is expanded to 34 members. Albert René is again the winner of the July elections. Thus his fourth term of office begins.

     

    1993

  • 1996

     

    A constitutional amendment will regulate the succession of President Albert René. The office of Vice-President is created, to be taken over by James Michel, who was previously Minister of Finance, Defence and Communications

  • 1997

    Seychelles joins the Southern African Development Community (SADC)

     

    1997

  • 1998

     

    The SPPF wins the elections by an overwhelming majority and receives 30 of the total. 34 seats in parliament. The fifth term of office of Albert René begins. He is re-elected with 67% of votes

  • 1999

    Seychelles joins the Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Co-operation (IORARC)

     

    1999

  • 2001

     

    Albert René wins the early presidential elections in September with only 54% of votes left. His rival candidate Ramkalawan receives 45%.

  • 2002

    The SPPF wins the parliamentary elections in December. It receives 54% of the votes and 23 of the total. 34 seats in parliament. The opposition party receives 43% and 11 seats

     

    2002

  • 2004

     

    On 14 April 2004, James Alix Michel took over the office of President prematurely, previously held by Albert René, who resigned for health reasons in March 2004. James Michel is thus the 3rd President of the Seychelles

  • 2004

    The severe tsunami of December 2004 also reached the Seychelles and caused great damage. There were no fatalities

     

    2004

  • 2006

     

    The People's Progressive Front, which has been in power for 30 years, is elected for another five years with 54%. James Michel remains president. The opposition party, the Seychelles National Party led by the Anglican priest Wavel Ramkalawan, achieves 46 percent

  • 2007

    Seychelles rejoins the SADC regional community

     

    2007

  • 2008

     

    The Seychelles Rupee is freely convertible since September 2008. All payments in the Seychelles can therefore be made in this currency. The state has been considered insolvent since mid-2008. Within the framework of Operation Atalanta to secure sea routes against pirates operating mainly from Somalia, the EU supports the Seychelles in building up its own coastal protection

  • 2009

    In the Gulf of Aden, international patrols have increased, so that pirates have placed their activities off the Seychelles. The warships of Operation Atalanta are now to operate as far as the Seychelles. This is necessary because the pirates are moving further and further away from the coastal waters, it is said

     

    2009

  • 2010

     

    The Seychelles open their own university. Previously, students had to go overseas for higher education. Many stayed there. With its own university, the island state hopes to stop the "brain drain". The Unisey - as the new university is called - works in cooperation with the University of London, the Sorbonne in Paris and institutes from India and Australia to offer a wide range of studies

  • 2011

    In the elections, 66-year-old James Michel wins against three competitors. It is his second term in office. The elections were fair. James Michel promises to further improve the economic situation and strengthen good governance in his second term of office

     

    2011

  • 2012

     

    In May, the Seychelles East Africa System (SEAS) cable, which connects the island archipelago to the global fibre optic data network, reached the Seychelles on the west coast in Beau Vallon. This project by the government and two local telephone companies will significantly stimulate the service sector, but also the other sectors of the Seychelles economy: Internet availability will increase while costs will fall compared to the current satellite-based system

  • 2013

    As part of the modernisation course, the government is focusing on renewable energies: This year, wind turbines are to supply the first electricity. The island of Silhouette is added to the UNESCO tentative list of sites suitable for possible World Heritage status

     

    2013

  • 2015

     

    In the presidential election in December 2015, President James Michel ran for re-election, but failed to achieve an absolute majority in the first round of voting. He narrowly won the subsequent runoff election against Ramkalawan with 50.15 percent of the valid votes.

  • 2016

    Die Wirtschaft hat sich erholt, die Seychellen haben das höchste Pro-Kopf-Einkommen aller afrikanischen Länder (Stand 2016). Am 18.Mai 2016 hat das Parlament der Seychellen für das Ende der Kriminalisierung homosexueller Handlungen von Männern gestimmt und hebt damit das Verbot der gleichgeschlechtlichen Liebe auf. Am 27. September 2016, nachdem am Morgen das neue Parlament angelobt wurde, in dem erstmals die Opposition die Mehrheit hat, erklärte Präsident James Michel mit Effekt vom 16. Oktober seinen Rücktritt. Ihm folgte im Amt sein Parteifreund Danny Faure, der zuvor Vizepräsident war. Danny Antoine Rollen Faure ist seit dem 16. Oktober 2016 der 4. Präsident der Republik Seychellen

     

    2016

  • 2017

     

    James Mancham, der erste Präsident der Seychellen, verstarb im Alter von 77 Jahren am 08. Januar 2017 auf den Seychellen. Bei der Rangliste der Pressefreiheit 2017, welche von Reporter ohne Grenzen herausgegeben wird, belegten die Seychellen Platz 87 von 180 Ländern Die Einwohnerzahl der Seychellen lag am 31. Dezember 2017 bei 95.821

  • 2018

    Im Mai 2018 lag die jährliche Inflationsrate bei 3,59% gegenüber 3,18% im Mai 2017. Die Partei – Party Lepep benennt sich um in United Seychelles

     

    2018

  • 2019

     

    France-Albert René, the second President of the Seychelles, died in the Seychelles at the age of 83 on 27 February 2019.

  • May 2020

    The gross domestic product (nominal) in 2019 was approximately USD 1.65 billion or slightly more than USD 17,127 per capita, putting Seychelles in 53rd place worldwide and first out of 54 countries in Africa. GDP growth in 2019 was 3,57%.

    May 2020

  • 2020

     

    The corona virus (COVID-19) has so far left only a few traces in the Seychelles. By July 2020 there were only 118 infections, no deaths.

  • 26.10.2020

    Wavel Ramkalawan (59) ist neuer Präsident der Seychellen. Mit einer Wahlquote von 54,9% haben für Ihn 35.562 Wähler im ersten Wahlgang gestimmt. Die vorherige Oppositions-Partei LDS bildet nun die Regierung und stellt den Präsidenten. 25 Sitze sind im Parlament durch die LDS und 10 Sitze durch die United Seychelles vertreten.

     

    26.10.2020

  • Historie Stand: 27. October 2020