History of the Seychelles, a comprehensive summary

HISTORY OF THE SEYCHELLES

Die historische Zusammenfassung, von der Entdeckung, zu den ersten Siedlungen bis heute, den 15. June 2021




  • c. 850 AD

     

    In an Arabic document the "high islands" are mentioned, which are supposed to be on the other side of the Maldives

  • 961

    The first cards showing the so-called "sisters" - the Seychelles - appear

     

    961

  • 1502

     

    Vasco da Gama sighted the outer islands of the Seychelles on the way to India.

  • 1609

    The British East India Company lands on Mahé with the ship Ascension.

     

    1609

  • 1742

     

    French occupation, French captain Lazare Picault discovers the Seychelles for the French and French planters and their African slaves settle in the Seychelles

  • 1744

    Lazare Picault names the main island of the Seychelles as Mahé

     

    1744

  • 1756

     

    France expresses claims to the island of Mahé and names the Seychelles in honour of Jean Moreau de Séchelles at.

  • 1770

    27 August 1770. Captain Leblanc Lecore brings the first colonists to the Seychelles in his ship, the Thélemaque, consisting of 15 white men, eight Africans and five Indians. The French settle on St Anne.

     

    1770

  • 1778

     

    In today's Victoria on Mahé a small French garrison is established, which is taken over by the inhabitants of the Seychelles around 1790

  • 1794

    The British frigate Orpheus, under the command of Captain Henry Newcome, arrived in Mahé on 16 May 1794.

     

    1794

  • 1814

     

    After the Napoleonic wars, the sovereignty over the Seychelles passes to the British, who administer the archipelago from Mauritius

  • 1818

    The Seychelles as a British colony, the Seychelles officially become a British colony. They have almost 8000 inhabitants, who are relatively wealthy due to the trade in cotton. Later, due to the falling cotton prices, coconut plantations are established

     

    1818

  • 1835

     

    The history of slavery is officially abolished in the Seychelles

  • 1841

    The settlement L'Etablissement - so called by the French - is renamed Victoria

     

    1841

  • 1862

     

    A mudslide claims 70 lives in Victoria

  • 1900

    The Seychelles have about 19,000 inhabitants. The main cultivated product is vanilla, furthermore trade is done with copra and cloves

     

    1900

  • 1903

     

    The Seychelles will become an independent crown colony under Governor Sweet-Escott

  • 1914-1918

    During the First World War, the population of the Seychelles is undernourished due to the poor supply and economic situation

     

    1914-1918

  • 1926

     

    The islands are supplied with electricity and telephone connections

  • 1930

    The political awareness of the population is growing. So they join together in groups such as the League of Coloured People and the Taxpayers' Organisation

     

    1930

  • 1939-1945

     

    In the history of the Second World War, the islands were used to refuel warships

  • 1948

    A representation of the people is introduced

     

    1948

  • 1964

     

    The Seychelles People's United Party (SPUP) of France Albert René and the Seychelles Democratic Party (SDP) of Sir James Mancham are founded. The Seychelles independence movement begins. The SPUP with a socialist orientation raises its first call for early independence. The SDP on the other hand advocates closer ties with Great Britain

  • 1967

    Universal suffrage is introduced

     

    1967

  • 1970

     

    The constitution is reformed. This sets the course towards independence

  • 1972

    The international airport of Mahé is completed and officially opened on March 20, 1972 by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, thus laying the foundation for the prosperity of those working in the tourism industry.

     

    1972

  • 1975

     

    Seychelles retains internal autonomy

  • 1976

    Seychelles is granted independence by Britain on 29 June 1976. Under British pressure, a grand coalition is formed. Under a presidential system, Mancham (SDP) becomes President and René (SPUP) Prime Minister.

     

    1976

  • 1977

     

    The Seychelles as a one-party state, On June 5, a coup initiated by René leads to the fall of the strictly pro-Western Mancham. Under the new president René, the republic becomes a socialist one-party state based on the Tanzanian model

  • 1978

    The SPUP is renamed the Seychelles People's Progressive Front (SPPF) and transformed into a socialist unity party

     

    1978

  • 1979

     

    The system of the one-party state is laid down in a new constitution

  • 1981

    A coup attempt by cloaked mercenaries fails

     

    1981

  • 1982

     

    Tanzanian troops quell an uprising within the military

  • 1984

    The second term of office of Albert René begins. In the same year, the Seychelles, Mauritius and Madagascar join together to form the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC). In the IOC regulations are made to promote trade, tourism and fishing

     

    1984

  • 1989

     

    Albert René's party emerged victorious from the June elections. Albert René takes up his third term of office. Gradual liberalisation begins

  • 1991

    The return to the multi-party system, with district elections in December, shows the loss of confidence in the SPPF. The party congress decides to restore the multi-party system.

     

    1991

  • 1993

     

    In June, the third Seychelles Constitution comes into force. The National Assembly is expanded to 34 members. Albert René is again the winner of the July elections. Thus his fourth term of office begins.

  • 1996

    A constitutional amendment will regulate the succession of President Albert René. The office of Vice-President is created, to be taken over by James Michel, who was previously Minister of Finance, Defence and Communications

     

    1996

  • 1997

     

    Seychelles joins the Southern African Development Community (SADC)

  • 1998

    The SPPF wins the elections by an overwhelming majority and receives 30 of the total. 34 seats in parliament. The fifth term of office of Albert René begins. He is re-elected with 67% of votes

     

    1998

  • 1999

     

    Seychelles joins the Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Co-operation (IORARC)

  • 2001

    Albert René wins the early presidential elections in September with only 54% of votes left. His rival candidate Ramkalawan receives 45%.

     

    2001

  • 2002

     

    The SPPF wins the parliamentary elections in December. It receives 54% of the votes and 23 of the total. 34 seats in parliament. The opposition party receives 43% and 11 seats

  • 2004

    On 14 April 2004, James Alix Michel took over the office of President prematurely, previously held by Albert René, who resigned for health reasons in March 2004. James Michel is thus the 3rd President of the Seychelles

     

    2004

  • 2004

     

    The severe tsunami of December 2004 also reached the Seychelles and caused great damage. There were no fatalities

  • 2006

    The People's Progressive Front, which has been in power for 30 years, is elected for another five years with 54%. James Michel remains president. The opposition party, the Seychelles National Party led by the Anglican priest Wavel Ramkalawan, achieves 46 percent

     

    2006

  • 2007

     

    Seychelles rejoins the SADC regional community

  • 2008

    The Seychelles Rupee is freely convertible since September 2008. All payments in the Seychelles can therefore be made in this currency. The state has been considered insolvent since mid-2008. Within the framework of Operation Atalanta to secure sea routes against pirates operating mainly from Somalia, the EU supports the Seychelles in building up its own coastal protection

     

    2008

  • 2009

     

    In the Gulf of Aden, international patrols have increased, so that pirates have placed their activities off the Seychelles. The warships of Operation Atalanta are now to operate as far as the Seychelles. This is necessary because the pirates are moving further and further away from the coastal waters, it is said

  • 2010

    The Seychelles open their own university. Previously, students had to go overseas for higher education. Many stayed there. With its own university, the island state hopes to stop the "brain drain". The Unisey - as the new university is called - works in cooperation with the University of London, the Sorbonne in Paris and institutes from India and Australia to offer a wide range of studies

     

    2010

  • 2011

     

    In the elections, 66-year-old James Michel wins against three competitors. It is his second term in office. The elections were fair. James Michel promises to further improve the economic situation and strengthen good governance in his second term of office

  • 2012

    In May, the Seychelles East Africa System (SEAS) cable, which connects the island archipelago to the global fibre optic data network, reached the Seychelles on the west coast in Beau Vallon. This project by the government and two local telephone companies will significantly stimulate the service sector, but also the other sectors of the Seychelles economy: Internet availability will increase while costs will fall compared to the current satellite-based system

     

    2012

  • 2013

     

    As part of the modernisation course, the government is focusing on renewable energies: This year, wind turbines are to supply the first electricity. The island of Silhouette is added to the UNESCO tentative list of sites suitable for possible World Heritage status

  • 2015

    In the presidential election in December 2015, President James Michel ran for re-election, but failed to achieve an absolute majority in the first round of voting. He narrowly won the subsequent runoff election against Ramkalawan with 50.15 percent of the valid votes.

     

    2015

  • 2016

     

    The economy has recovered and Seychelles has the highest per capita income of all African countries (as of 2016). On May 18th 2016 the Parliament of the Seychelles voted for an end to the criminalisation of homosexual acts by men, thus lifting the ban on same-sex love. On 27th September 2016, after the praise of the new Parliament in the morning, in which the opposition has the majority for the first time, President James Michel resigned with effect from 16th October. He was succeeded in office by his party colleague Danny Faure, who was previously Vice-President. Danny Antoine Rollen Faure is the 4th President of the Republic of Seychelles since 16 October 2016.

  • 2017

    James Mancham, the first President of the Seychelles, died in the Seychelles on 8 January 2017 at the age of 77. In the 2017 press freedom ranking published by Reporters Without Borders, Seychelles ranks 87th out of 180 countries. The population of Seychelles on 31 December 2017 was 95,821

     

    2017

  • 2018

     

    In May 2018, the annual inflation rate was 3.59% compared to 3.18% in May 2017. The party - Party Lepep renames itself United Seychelles

  • 2019

    France-Albert René, the second President of the Seychelles, died in the Seychelles at the age of 83 on 27 February 2019.

     

    2019

  • May 2020

    The gross domestic product (nominal) in 2019 was approximately USD 1.65 billion or slightly more than USD 17,127 per capita, putting Seychelles in 53rd place worldwide and first out of 54 countries in Africa. GDP growth in 2019 was 3,57%.

  • 2020

    The corona virus (COVID-19) has so far left only a few traces in the Seychelles. By July 2020 there were only 118 infections, no deaths.

     

    2020

  • 26.10.2020

     

    Wavel Ramkalawan (59) is the new President of the Seychelles. With an electoral quota of 54.9%, 35,562 voters voted for him in the first round of voting. The former opposition party LDS now forms the government and provides the president. 25 seats are represented in parliament by the LDS and 10 seats by the United Seychelles.

  • Historie Stand: 15. June 2021

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