Interesting facts about the society of Seychelles:

Social emergence

In the genesis of their society, the Seychelles, which had no aborigines before, have remained true to their multi-ethnic roots. For over two centuries, the islands have been a melting pot of different races, traditions and religions from all parts of the world.

Even today, a very peaceful coexistence of multicultural people is the essential characteristic of this lively and harmonious nation.


Seychelles' politics has historical roots in both one-party socialism and autocratic rule. After independence from the United Kingdom in 1976, Seychelles was a sovereign republic until 1977, when the original President and leader of the Seychelles Democratic Party, James Mancham, was overthrown in a bloodless coup by the Prime Minister France-Albert René. René established a single-party socialist state under the Seychelles People's Progressive Front, which lasted until 1993, when multi-party elections were held for the first time since independence. Modern governance in the Seychelles takes place within a presidential republic, where the President of Seychelles is both Head of State and Head of Government, and in a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Government. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and the National Assembly.

The Republic of Seychelles has had a multi-party democratic system since 4 December 1991 with a President who holds the functions of Head of State, Foreign Minister and Head of Government. The President chairs a cabinet of 10 ministers including the Vice President.

In April 2004, James Alix Michel replaced the then President Albert René and was re-elected President by the people in 2005, 2010 and 2015, after having been in office since 1977. The current Vice-President (since 2016) is Vincent Meriton, who also serves as Minister of Sport and Culture. He succeeds Danny Faure, who was elected president on 16 October 2016 without an election, as James Michel had previously announced his resignation.

Die Nationalversammlung (Legislative) in ihrer derzeitigen Konstellation bildete sich nach den Wahlen vom 22. bis 24. Oktober 2020 mit insgesamt 35 Mitgliedern. 25 Mitglieder werden in Einzelwahlkreisen nach dem System der einfachen Mehrheit (oder First-past-the-post) gewählt. Die restlichen bis zu zehn Mitglieder werden nach dem Verhältniswahlsystem gewählt. Die Amtszeit der Mitglieder beträgt fünf Jahre.

The former Seychelles Peoples Progressive Front led by former President France Albert René (SPPF) wurde 2010 in Parti Lepep und 2018 in United Seychelles umbenannt und hat, Stand ab 26. Oktober 2020, nur noch 10 Sitze im Parlament.

Die zuvor wichtigste Oppositionspartei LDS (Linyon Demokratik Seselwa), die die Wahlen am 25.10.2020 gewannen, haben nun 25 Sitze im Parlament. Die LDS wird angeführt vom neuen Präsidenten der Seychellen, dem Priester Wavel Ramkalawan.

Linyon Demokratik Seselwa (LDS) war bis zum Wahlsieg eine Koalition in der Nationalversammlung der Seychellen, die seit 2016 regierte. Die Koalition setzte sich ursprünglich aus den vier wichtigsten Oppositionsparteien zusammen: der Seychelles National Party, der Seychellois Alliance, der Seychelles Party for Social Justice and Democracy und der Seychelles United Party. Die Seychellois Alliance verließ die Koalition im Februar 2018 nach dem Rücktritt ihres Vorsitzenden Patrick Pillay als Sprecher und Mitglied der Nationalversammlung im Januar 2018.

The following parties exist:

  • United Seychelles Party (US) – Linke
  • Linyon Demokratik Seselwa (LDS) – Konservative Rechtspartei und regierende Partei seit 26.10.2020
  • Seychelles National Party (SNP) - Centrist Party
  • Seychellois Alliance
  • Seychelles Party for Social Justice and Democracy
  • Seychelles United Party (SUP) - formerly New Democratic Party
  • Independent - Conservative Union of Seychelles
  • One Seychelles

Status in 2020

Women and politics

Momentan, Stand 2020, sind 14 Frauen, bei insgesamt 35 Sitzen in der Nationalversammlung vertreten.

Districts of the Seychelles

The Seychelles are divided into 25 counties. Of these, 22 are located mainly or exclusively on the main island Mahétwo on Praslin, while La Digue forms a further district with secondary islands and also some more distant islands.


Seychelles is a member of the United Nations (UN), African Union (AU), Commonwealth, Indian Ocean Commission (IOC), Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation, Common Market of Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Southern African Development Community (SADC) and La Francophonie. They maintain embassies in Paris, New York, Brussels, New Delhi, Nairobi and Beijing - as well as several honorary consulates worldwide.


Even today, the population, consisting of around 100,000 people, reflects their multi-ethnic roots. The islands have always had a strong attraction for peoples from all corners of the earth. Thus, liberated slaves from the French colonies came to the Seychelles from Africa and slaves from the English colonies from India, European settlers from France, England and Italy, political exiles, adventurers, Arab and Persian traders as well as Chinese.

Virtually every nation on this earth is represented in the cultural melting pot of the Seychelles and has left its unique influence and thus shaped today's dynamic yet very peaceful society.


There are 3 official languages: Creole (a melodic patois based on French), English and French. Many Seychellois also speak fluent Italian or German.


Most people are still Roman Catholic (over 90%) but there are also many Anglicans and Protestants. They live peacefully alongside Muslims, Hindus, followers of Bahá'i and other religious communities such as Buddhists on Mahé, Praslin and La Digue. Palm tree

Back to the History of the Seychelles or for Culture in the Seychelles